June 3, 2013
New Rochelle, New York
Last October, Hurricane Sandy ripped through New Rochelle, New York, on Long Island Sound, leaving two-thirds of residents without power. Traffic lights hung blank-faced in the streets. Families intent on going out trick-or-treating two days after the storm were cautioned to avoid downed wires
“Boats were deposited in places we never ever thought we’d see in our lifetime,” said Bill Zimmerman, New Rochelle’s Parks and Recreation Commissioner.
A couple of weeks after Sandy, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo penned an op-ed in the New York Post. “Extreme weather is the new normal,” he declared, calling on the state to act, not simply react, in preparation for the next storm. New Rochelle is taking the Governor up on that challenge.
New Rochelle’s wastewater treatment plant is undergoing a $200 million makeover that will greatly improve water quality, preventing the sewage overflow that sometimes forces closure of the City’s beaches and undermines public health.
“Lobsters will come back to life,” Zimmerman said, only slightly figuratively.
New Rochelle has also able to take advantage of FEMA relief funding to rebuild the five parks and municipal marina that were ravished by the storm. Though the federal grants only cover restoring infrastructure up to ‘historical pre-storm conditions,’ the City is capitalizing on the opportunity to use more sustainable construction methods.
“If people can be patient, which they pretty much have been, at the end of the day we’re going to end up with a benefit that we wouldn’t be able to afford otherwise,” Zimmerman said.
The City’s Sustainability Plan, which was in place even before the storm, sets 43 specific initiatives for the City by 2030. It was developed by a newly hired Sustainability Coordinator, Deborah Newborn—who herself was out of power for 13 days after Sandy—along with community board members, including environmental engineers, attorneys, and a priest at a large church.
The Plan’s “big goals” include absorbing or retaining 25 million gallons of floodwater per storm and opening up another mile of public beach along Long Island Sound. Though a metrics-driven progress tracker and a list of the responsible departments accompany each goal, Newborn points out that there is not a single mandate in the document.
“I’m a big believer in people,” Newborn said. “One of the hardest things I do as a sustainability manager is to instigate behavior change. But if you give people the right information, I believe they’ll make the right decision.”
For many people across the Northeast, Hurricane Sandy exposed the fragility of systems—such as electricity—that are often taken for granted, giving a new sense of urgency to sustainability plans such as New Rochelle’s. Here, some of the newer apartment buildings with buried power lines fared better in the storm while most single-family homes lost power when branches and sometimes entire trees crashed down on the overhead infrastructure. But rebuilding the existing grid underground is an expensive, long-term proposition.
“We’d love to put all the power lines underground, but we can’t afford it right now,” said Zimmerman. “Like most cities, we’re struggling. You throw these storms on top of it, and it’s hard.”
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